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APh/EE 9 ab
SolidState Electronics for Integrated Circuits
6 units (222)

first, third terms
Prerequisites: Successful completion of APh/EE 9 a is a prerequisite for enrollment in APh/EE 9 b.
Introduction to solidstate electronics, including physical modeling and device fabrication. Topics: semiconductor crystal growth and device fabrication technology, carrier modeling, doping, generation and recombination, pn junction diodes, MOS capacitor and MOS transistor operation, and deviations from ideal behavior. Laboratory includes computeraided layout, and fabrication and testing of lightemitting diodes, transistors, and inverters. Students learn photolithography, and use of vacuum systems, furnaces, and devicetesting equipment. APh/EE 9b not offered 202021.
Instructor:
Scherer
APh 17 abc
Thermodynamics
9 units (306)

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: Ma 1 abc, Ph 1 abc.
Introduction to the use of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics in physics and engineering. Entropy, temperature, and the principal laws of thermodynamics. Canonical equations of state. Applications to cycles, engines, phase and chemical equilibria. Probability and stochastic processes. Kinetic theory of perfect gases. Statistical mechanics. Applications to gases, gas degeneration, equilibrium radiation, and simple solids. Not offered 202021.
APh/EE 23
Demonstration Lectures in Classical and Quantum Photonics
9 units (306)

first term
Prerequisites: Ph 1 abc.
This course covers fundamentals of photonics with emphasis on modern applications in classical and quantum optics. Classical optical phenomena including interference, dispersion, birefringence, diffraction, laser oscillation, and the applications of these phenomena in optical systems employing multiplebeam interferometry, Fouriertransform image processing, holography, electrooptic modulation, optical detection and heterodyning will be covered. Quantum optical phenomena like single photon emission will be discussed. Examples will be selected from optical communications, radar, adaptive optical systems, nanophotonic devices and quantum communications. Prior knowledge of quantum mechanics is not required.
Instructor:
Faraon
APh/EE 24
Introductory Optics and Photonics Laboratory
9 units (135)

second term
Prerequisites: APh 23.
Laboratory experiments to acquaint students with the contemporary aspects of optics and photonics research and technology. Experiments encompass many of the topics and concepts covered in APh 23.
Instructor:
Faraon
APh 77 bc
Laboratory in Applied Physics
9 units (090)

second, third terms
Selected experiments chosen to familiarize students with laboratory equipment, procedures, and characteristic phenomena in plasmas, fluid turbulence, fiber optics, Xray diffraction, microwaves, hightemperature superconductivity, blackbody radiation, holography, and computer interfacing of experiments. Not offered 202021.
APh 78 abc
Senior Thesis, Experimental
9 units (090)

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: instructor's permission.
Supervised experimental research, open only to seniorclass applied physics majors. Requirements will be set by individual faculty member, but must include a written report. The selection of topic must be approved by the Applied Physics Option Representative. Not offered on a pass/fail basis. Final grade based on written thesis and oral exam.
Instructor:
Staff
APh 79 abc
Senior Thesis, Theoretical
9 units (090)

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: instructor's permission.
Supervised theoretical research, open only to seniorclass applied physics majors. Requirements will be set by individual faculty member, but must include a written report. The selection of topic must be approved by the Applied Physics Option Representative. Not offered on a pass/fail basis. Final grade based on written thesis and oral exam. This course cannot be used to satisfy the laboratory requirement in APh.
Instructor:
Staff
APh 100
Advanced Work in Applied Physics
Units in accordance with work accomplished
Special problems relating to applied physics, arranged to meet the needs of students wishing to do advanced work. Primarily for undergraduates. Students should consult with their advisers before registering. Graded pass/fail.
Ae/APh/CE/ME 101 abc
Fluid Mechanics
9 units (306)

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: APh 17 or ME 11 abc, and ME 12 or equivalent, ACM 95/100 or equivalent (may be taken concurrently).
Fundamentals of fluid mechanics. Microscopic and macroscopic properties of liquids and gases; the continuum hypothesis; review of thermodynamics; general equations of motion; kinematics; stresses; constitutive relations; vorticity, circulation; Bernoulli's equation; potential flow; thinairfoil theory; surface gravity waves; buoyancydriven flows; rotating flows; viscous creeping flow; viscous boundary layers; introduction to stability and turbulence; quasi onedimensional compressible flow; shock waves; unsteady compressible flow; and acoustics.
Instructors:
Dimotakis, Pullin
Ae/APh 104 abc
Experimental Methods
9 units (306) first term; (063) second, third terms

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: ACM 95/100 ab or equivalent (may be taken concurrently), Ae/APh/CE/ME 101 abc or equivalent (may be taken concurrently).
Lectures on experiment design and implementation. Measurement methods, transducer fundamentals, instrumentation, optical systems, signal processing, noise theory, analog and digital electronic fundamentals, with data acquisition and processing systems. Experiments (second and third terms) in solid and fluid mechanics with emphasis on current research methods. Ae/APh 104 a offered 202021.
APh/MS 105 abc
States of Matter
9 units (306)

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: APh 17 abc or equivalent.
Thermodynamics and statistical mechanics, with emphasis on gases, liquids, materials, and condensed matter. Effects of heat, pressure, and fields on states of matter are presented with both classical thermodynamics and with statistical mechanics. Conditions of equilibrium in systems with multiple degrees of freedom. Applications include ordered states of matter and phase transitions. The three terms cover, approximately, thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and phase transitions. APh/MS 105ab not offered 202021. APh/MS 105c
Instructor:
Falson
APh/EE 109
Introduction to the Micro/Nanofabrication Lab
9 units (063)

first, second, third terms
Introduction to techniques of microand nanofabrication, including solidstate, optical, and microfluidic devices. Students will be trained to use fabrication and characterization equipment available in the applied physics micro and nanofabrication lab. Topics include Schottky diodes, MOS capacitors, lightemitting diodes, microlenses, microfluidic valves and pumps, atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and electronbeam writing.
Instructors:
Troian, Ghaffari
APh 110
Topics in Applied Physics
2 units (200)

first, second terms
A seminar course designed to acquaint advanced undergraduates and firstyear graduate students with the various research areas represented in the option. Lecture each week given by a different member of the APh faculty, who will review his or her field of research. Graded pass/fail.
Instructor:
Bellan
APh 114 abc
SolidState Physics
9 units (306)

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: Ph 125 abc or equivalent.
Introductory lecture and problem course dealing with experimental and theoretical problems in solidstate physics. Topics include crystal structure, symmetries in solids, lattice vibrations, electronic states in solids, transport phenomena, semiconductors, superconductivity, magnetism, ferroelectricity, defects, and optical phenomena in solids.
Instructors:
NadjPerge, Schwab
APh/Ph 115
Physics of Momentum Transport in Hydrodynamic Systems
9 units (306)

second term
Prerequisites: ACM 95 or equivalent.
Contemporary research in many areas of physics requires some knowledge of the principles governing hydrodynamic phenomena such as nonlinear wave propagation, symmetry breaking in pattern forming systems, phase transitions in fluids, Langevin dynamics, micro and optofluidic control, and biological transport at low Reynolds number. This course offers students of pure and applied physics a selfcontained treatment of the fundamentals of momentum transport in hydrodynamic systems. Mathematical techniques will include formalized dimensional analysis and rescaling, asymptotic analysis to identify dominant force balances, similitude, selfsimilarity and perturbation analysis for examining unidirectional and Stokes flow, pulsatile flows, capillary phenomena, spreading films, oscillatory flows, and linearly unstable flows leading to pattern formation. Students must have working knowledge of vector calculus, ODEs, PDEs, complex variables and basic tensor analysis. Advanced solution methods will be taught in class as needed.
Instructor:
Troian
APh/Ph/Ae 116
Physics of Thermal and Mass Transport in Hydrodynamic Systems
9 units (306)

third term
Prerequisites: ACM 95 or equivalent and APh/Ph 115 or equivalent.
Contemporary research in many areas of physics requires some knowledge of how momentum transport in fluids couples to diffusive phenomena driven by thermal or concentration gradients. This course will first examine processes driven purely by diffusion and progress toward description of systems governed by steady and unsteady convectiondiffusion and reactiondiffusion. Topics will include Fickian dynamics, thermal transfer in Peltier devices, LifshitzSlyozov growth during phase separation, thermocouple measurements of oscillatory fields, reactiondiffusion phenomena in biophysical systems, buoyancy driven flows, and boundary layer formation. Students must have working knowledge of vector calculus, ODEs, PDEs, complex variables and basic tensor analysis. Advanced solution methods such as singular perturbation, SturmLiouville and Green's function analysis will be taught in class as needed.
Instructor:
Troian
Ph/APh/EE/BE 118 abc
Physics of Measurement
9 units (306)

second, third terms
Prerequisites: Ph 127, APh 105, or equivalent, or permission from instructor.
This course focuses on exploring the fundamental underpinnings of experimental measurements from the perspectives of responsivity, noise, backaction, and information. Its overarching goal is to enable students to critically evaluate real measurement systems, and to determine the ultimate fundamental and practical limits to information that can be extracted from them. Topics will include physical signal transduction and responsivity, fundamental noise processes, modulation, frequency conversion, synchronous detection, signalsampling techniques, digitization, signal transforms, spectral analyses, and correlations. The first term will cover the essential fundamental underpinnings, while topics in second term will include examples from optical methods, highfrequency and fast temporal measurements, biological interfaces, signal transduction, biosensing, and measurements at the quantum limit. Part c not offered in 202021.
Instructor:
Roukes
EE/APh 120
Physical Optics
9 units (306)

second term
Prerequisites: Intermediatelevel familiarity with Fourier transforms and linear systems analysis. Basic familiarity with Maxwell's electromagnetic theory (EE40 and EE44, or equivalent).
Course focuses on applying linear systems analysis on propagation of light waves. Contents begin with a review of Electromagnetic theory of diffraction and transitions to Fourier Optics for a scalarwave treatment of propagation, diffraction, and image formation with coherent and incoherent light. In addition to problems in imaging, the course makes connections to a selected number of topics in optics where the mathematics of wave phenomena plays a central role. Examples include propagation of light in multilayer films and meta surfaces, Gaussian beams, FabryPÃ©rot cavities, and angular momentum of light. Areas of application include modern imaging, display, and beam shaping technologies.
Instructor:
Mirhosseini
MS/APh 122
Diffraction, Imaging, and Structure
9 units (045)

third term
Prerequisites: MS 132, may be taken concurrently.
Experimental methods in transmission electron microscopy of inorganic materials including diffraction, spectroscopy, conventional imaging, high resolution imaging and sample preparation. Weekly laboratory exercises to complement material in MS 132. Not Offered 202021.
Instructor:
Ahn
EE/APh 123
Advanced Lasers and Photonics Laboratory
9 units (135)

first term
Prerequisites: none.
This course focuses on handson experience with advanced techniques related to lasers, optics, and photonics. Students have the opportunity to build and run several experiments and analyze data. Covered topics include laserbased microscopy, spectroscopy, nonlinear optics, quantum optics, ultrafast optics, adaptive optics, and integrated photonics. Limited enrollment. Not offered 202021.
Instructor:
Marandi
APh/EE 130
Electromagnetic Theory
9 units (306)

first term
Electromagnetic fields in vacuum: microscopic Maxwell's equations. Monochromatic fields: Rayleigh diffraction formulae, Huyghens principle, RayleighSommerfeld formula. The FresnelFraunhofer approximation. Electromagnetic field in the presence of matter, spatial averages, macroscopic Maxwell equations. Helmholtz's equation. Groupvelocity and groupvelocity dispersion. Confined propagation, optical resonators, optical waveguides. Single mode and multimode waveguides. Nonlinear optics. Nonlinear propagation. Second harmonic generation. Parametric amplification. Not offered 202021.
EE/APh 131
Light Interaction with Atomic SystemsLasers
9 units (306)

second term
Prerequisites: APh/EE 130.
Lightmatter interaction, spontaneous and induced transitions in atoms and semiconductors. Absorption, amplification, and dispersion of light in atomic media. Principles of laser oscillation, generic types of lasers including semiconductor lasers, modelocked lasers. Frequency combs in lasers. The spectral properties and coherence of laser light. Not offered 202021.
Instructor:
Yariv
APh/EE 132
Special Topics in Photonics and Optoelectronics
9 units (306)

third term
Interaction of light and matter, spontaneous and stimulated emission, laser rate equations, modelocking, Qswitching, semiconductor lasers. Optical detectors and amplifiers; noise characterization of optoelectronic devices. Propagation of light in crystals, electrooptic effects and their use in modulation of light; introduction to nonlinear optics. Optical properties of nanostructures. Not offered 202021.
Ph/APh 137 abc
Atoms and Photons
9 units (306)

first, second terms
Prerequisites: Ph 125 ab or equivalent, or instructor's permission.
This course will provide an introduction to the interaction of atomic systems with photons. The main emphasis is on laying the foundation for understanding current research that utilizes cold atoms and molecules as well as quantized light fields. First term: resonance phenomena, atomic/molecular structure, and the semiclassical interaction of atoms/molecules with static and oscillating electromagnetic fields. Techniques such as laser cooling/trapping, coherent manipulation and control of atomic systems. Second term: quantization of light fields, quantized light matter interaction, open system dynamics, entanglement, master equations, quantum jump formalism. Applications to cavity QED, optical lattices, and Rydberg arrays. Third term [not offered 202021]: Topics in contemporary research. Possible areas include introduction to ultracold atoms, atomic clocks, searches for fundamental symmetry violations, synthetic quantum matter, and solid state quantum optics platforms. The emphasis will be on reading primary and contemporary literature to understand ongoing experiments.
Instructors:
Hutzler, Endres
APh/Ph 138 ab
Quantum Hardware and Techniques
9 units (306)

second and third terms
Prerequisites: Ph 125 abc or Ph 127 abc or Ph 137 ab or instructor's permission.
This class covers multiple quantum technology platforms and related theoretical techniques, and will provide students with broad knowledge in quantum science and engineering. It will be split into threeweek modules covering: applications of nearterm quantum computers, superconducting qubits, trapped atoms and ions, topological quantum matter, solid state quantum bits, tensorproduct states. APh/Ph 138a will not be offered 202021. APh/Ph 138b
Instructors:
Endres, Faraon, Hsieh, Painter
EE/APh 149
Frontiers of Nonlinear Photonics
9 units (306)

second term
This course overviews recent advances in photonics with emphasis on devices and systems that utilize nonlinearities. A wide range of nonlinearities in the classical and quantum regimes is covered, including but not limited to second and thirdorder nonlinear susceptibilities, Kerr, Raman, optomechanical, thermal, and multiphoton nonlinearities. A wide range of photonic platforms is also considered ranging from bulk to ultrafast and integrated photonics. The course includes an overview of the concepts as well as review and discussion of recent literature and advances in the field. Not Offered 202021.
Instructor:
Marandi
APh 150
Topics in Applied Physics
Units and terms to be arranged
Content will vary from year to year, but at a level suitable for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students. Topics are chosen according to the interests of students and staff. Visiting faculty may present portions of this course.
APh 156 abc
Plasma Physics
9 units (306)

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: Ph 106 abc or equivalent.
An introduction to the principles of plasma physics. A multitiered theoretical infrastructure will be developed consisting of the HamiltonLagrangian theory of charged particle motion in combined electric and magnetic fields, the Vlasov kinetic theory of plasma as a gas of interacting charged particles, the twofluid model of plasma as interacting electron and ion fluids, and the magnetohydrodynamic model of plasma as an electrically conducting fluid subject to combined magnetic and hydrodynamic forces. This infrastructure will be used to examine waves, transport processes, equilibrium, stability, and topological selforganization. Examples relevant to plasmas in both laboratory (fusion, industrial) and space (magnetosphere, solar) will be discussed.
Instructor:
Bellan
EE/APh 158
Quantum Electrical Circuits
9 units (306)

third term
Prerequisites: advancedlevel familiarity with Maxwell's electromagnetic theory and quantum mechanics (EE 151 and Ph 125 abc, or equivalent).
Course focuses on superconducting electrical systems for quantum computing. Contents begin with reviewing required concepts in microwave engineering, quantum optics, and superconductivity, and proceeds with deriving quantum mechanical description of superconducting linear circuits, Josephson qubits, and parametric amplifiers. The second part of the course provides an overview of integrated nanomechanical, piezoelectric and electrooptical systems and their applications in transducing quantum electrical signals in conjunction with superconducting qubits.
Instructor:
Mirhosseini
BE/APh 161
Physical Biology of the Cell
12 units (309)

second term
Prerequisites: Ph 2 ab and ACM 95/100 ab, or background in differential equations and statistical and quantum mechanics, or instructor's written permission.
Physical models applied to the analysis of biological structures ranging from individual proteins and DNA to entire cells. Topics include the force response of proteins and DNA, models of molecular motors, DNA packing in viruses and eukaryotes, mechanics of membranes, and membrane proteins and cell motility.
Instructor:
Phillips
MS/APh 171
Inelastic Scattering of Materials, Molecules, and Condensed Matter
9 units (306)

third term
Prerequisites: EE/APh 131 or MS 132 or equivalent.
Review of Patterson function and memory function for space or time correlations. Van Hove function for correlated dynamics in space and time, especially for materials with thermal energy. Dynamical structure factors for coherent scattering from solids and liquids. Measurements of energy and momentum of dispersive excitations in crystals using neutrons, xrays, and electrons. Additional topics to be selected from the following list: incoherent inelastic scattering and the thermodynamic partition function, transport of thermal energy, fluctuationdissipation theorem, quasielastic scattering, sideband information in coherent inelastic scattering, transition from quantum to classical scattering.
Instructor:
Fultz
EE/APh 180
Nanotechnology
6 units (303)

first term
This course will explore the techniques and applications of nanofabrication and miniaturization of devices to the smallest scale. It will be focused on the understanding of the technology of miniaturization, its history and present trends towards building devices and structures on the nanometer scale. Examples of applications of nanotechnology in the electronics, communications, data storage and sensing world will be described, and the underlying physics as well as limitations of the present technology will be discussed.
Instructor:
Scherer
APh/EE 183
Physics of Semiconductors and Semiconductor Devices
9 units (306)

third term
Principles of semiconductor electronic structure, carrier transport properties, and optoelectronic properties relevant to semiconductor device physics. Fundamental performance aspects of basic and advanced semiconductor electronic and optoelectronic devices. Topics include energy band theory, carrier generation and recombination mechanisms, quasiFermi levels, carrier drift and diffusion transport, quantum transport.
Instructor:
NadjPerge
APh 190 abc
Quantum Electronics
9 units (306)

first, second, third terms
Prerequisites: Ph 125 or equivalent.
Generation, manipulations, propagation, and applications of coherent radiation. The basic theory of the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with resonant atomic transitions. Laser oscillation, important laser media, Gaussian beam modes, the electrooptic effect, nonlinearoptics theory, second harmonic generation, parametric oscillation, stimulated Brillouin and Raman scattering. Other topics include light modulation, diffraction of light by sound, integrated optics, phase conjugate optics, and quantum noise theory. APh 190c not offered 202021. APh 190 ab
Instructor:
Vahala
APh 200
Applied Physics Research
Units in accordance with work accomplished
Offered to graduate students in applied physics for research or reading. Students should consult their advisers before registering. Graded pass/fail.
Ae/ME/APh 218
Statistical Mechanics
9 units (306)

third term
Prerequisites: Ae/ME 118, or equivalent.
Overview of probability and statistics, and the MaxwellBoltzmann distribution. Overview and elements of Quantum Mechanics, degenerate energy states, particles in a box, and energystate phase space. Statistics of indistinguishable elementary particles, FermiDirac and BoseEinstein statistics, partition functions, connections with classical thermodynamics, and the Law of Equipartition. Examples from equilibrium in fluids, solidstate physics, and others. Not offered 202021.
Ph/APh 223 ab
Advanced CondensedMatter Physics
9 units (306)

second, third terms
Prerequisites: Ph 135 or equivalent, or instructor's permission.
Advanced topics in condensedmatter physics, with emphasis on the effects of interactions, symmetry, and topology in manybody systems. Ph/Aph 223a covers second quantization, HartreeFock theory of the electron gas, Mott insulators and quantum magnetism, bosonization, quantum Hall effects, and symmetry protected topological phases such as topological insulators. Ph/APh 223b will continue with BCS theory of superconductivity, GinzburgLandau theory, elements of unconventional and topological superconductors, theory of superfluidity, BoseHubbard model and bosonic Mott insulators, and some aspects of quantum systems with randomness.
Instructors:
Alicea, Kitaev
APh 250
Advanced Topics in Applied Physics
Units and term to be arranged
Content will vary from year to year; topics are chosen according to interests of students and staff. Visiting faculty may present portions of this course.
Instructor:
Staff
APh/MS 256
Computational Solid State Physics and Materials Science
9 units (333)

third term
Prerequisites: Ph125 or equivalent and APh114ab or equivalent.
The course will cover firstprinciples computational methods to study electronic structure, lattice vibrations, optical properties, and charge and heat transport in materials. Topics include: Theory and practice of Density Functional Theory (DFT) and the totalenergy pseudopotential method. DFT calculations of total energy, structure, defects, charge density, bandstructures, density of states, ferroelectricity and magnetism. Lattice vibrations using the finitedifference supercell and Density Functional Perturbation Theory (DFPT) methods. Electronelectron interactions, screening, and the GW method. GW bandstructure calculations. Optical properties, excitons, and the GWBethe Salpeter equation method. Ab initio Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) for electrons and phonons. Computations of heat and charge transport within the BTE framework. If time permits, selected advanced topics will be covered, including methods to treat vander Waals bonds, spinorbit coupling, correlated materials, and quantum dynamics. Several laboratories will give students direct experience with running firstprinciples calculations. Not offered 202021.
APh 300
Thesis Research in Applied Physics
Units in accordance with work accomplished
APh 300 is elected in place of APh 200 when the student has progressed to the point where his or her research leads directly toward a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Approval of the student's research supervisor and department adviser or registration representative must be obtained before registering. Graded pass/fail.
Published Date:
July 28, 2022